Ask anyone about their ‘must visit’ list and Portugal is likely to be up there, with cities such as Lisbon and Porto emerging as go-tos for gourmands and the culinary curious. And where there is food, there must be wine – and lots of it, in Portugal’s case. Moving away from their reputation for making only fortified wines – namely port and madeira – vintners across the country are now working hard to show a different, fresher side to Portuguese table wine.
On a tiny strip of craggy Atlantic coastline, an hour west of Lisbon, lies Colares. Due to its sandy soils (imagine vines growing wild on a beach), Colares skipped the pandemic known as ‘phylloxera’ – a disease that that wiped out most of the world’s vines in the early 1900s – and consequently boasts some of the oldest surviving grapevines in Europe. The region has found itself in the spotlight recently, because of its refined, older wines. For a taste of tradition, visit the cellars of Adega Regional de Colares or Viúva Gomes. The whites (made from malvasia) and reds (made from ramisco) have an unmistakably salty character from the surrounding sea air, plus the huge, old Brazilian foudres (wood barrels) that fill the wineries are a sight to behold. For something a little different, visit Casal de Santa Maria. Erstwhile owned by an eccentric baron, the winery has been making traditional wines in the region for centuries, but also experiments with international grape varieties such as sauvignon blanc and pinot noir. Finally, it would be rude not to finish the day at Restaurante Piscina Azenhas do Mar, with a glass of vinho verde in hand as you gaze over the Atlantic. Order a plate of octopus rice and some percebes – strange barnacles of the deep and a rare delicacy of the region – then settle in for some more sea-gazing at cliff-edge Farol Design Hotel.
Known for its cork trees, pink marble and pata negra (black pig), the Alentejo is the largest wine-producing region in Portugal. Having a reputation for housing bigger, more commercial wineries, there are now some producers who are working hard to focus on quality over quantity and elegance over strength. João Afonso of Cabeças do Reguengo is one of them. A ballet-dancer-turned-wine-writer-turned-winemaker, João works with his daughter Ines to make a range of wines – from a fizz made in the blanc de blanc style (with chardonnay only) to a field blend called Respiro (where red and white grape varieties are grown freely together) – that are light, natural and downright delicious. And quite literally made in their garage. They are tiny, so it’s more pop in and pick up some wines, rather than there being a tasting room and restaurant. On the other end of the spectrum, you have Esporão, a grand, impeccably designed winery flanked by endless vineyards and ancient olive trees. They’ve done a lot to establish quality in the Alentejo. Plus, don’t miss a walk around their olive mill – and a taste of their oils – where the walls are made entirely of cork and sustainability is the name of the game. End the day at oenologically-minded hotel São Lourenço do Barrocal, which has its own groves and vineyards, on an estate that was integral to laying the first vines around Monsaraz.
A three-hour drive along winding roads to the east of Porto, you’ll find the Douro Valley. With its rolling hills and amphitheatre-like vineyards, the area is a classified Unesco World Heritage site for its port-wine viticulture and has become a holiday destination in its own right. Producers such as Dirk Niepoort, the enfant terrible of the Portuguese wine world by way of Switzerland, has inspired a lot of change in a region traditionally known for port production. Although Dirk no longer has a tasting room, you’ll see his wines on the shelves of nearly every (good) wine shop – from his ports to a riesling and his infamous Clos du Crappe, a Douro take on Burgundy. It is still relatively rare for adegas (wine houses) in the Douro to open their doors to the public, so make the most of an idyllic visit to Quinta de la Rosa. They oversee the entire process of port production on their winery (most port houses make their wine in the Douro and store it in Vila Nova da Gaia in Porto) and make some lovely table wines. Quinta dos Murças and Six Senses Douro Valley are two riverside, vine-surrounded hotels, the former with its own on-site winery. On your way back via Porto, don’t miss popping into Prova – a wine bar in the city that showcases a different side to Portuguese wines. Taste with the owner Diogo and try anything from a rare bottle of 1990s vinho verde (almost unheard of) to a glass of bastardo, a beautifully light red made in the Douro by one of Portugal’s most talented female winemakers.